Types of Pigmentation

There are several types of skin pigmentation, most of which can be treated depending on the factors and causes. Read below to find your type of pigmentation:

Freckles are common, especially among Caucasians. These become worse after exposure to the sunlight. If you have fair skin, you’re more susceptible to freckles, especially during the summer months. The best ways to prevent freckles from forming is to avoid overexposure to sunlight and be sure to use sunscreen. There are also creams and laser treatments available to lighten or decrease their appearance.


caucasians Pigmentation


Birthmarks are typically brown, black or blue. They are benign and usually appear within a month of a child’s birth. They can occur anywhere on the skin, and the pigmented birthmarks are caused by excess skin pigment cells. While, most birthmarks are harmless, you may choose to seek treatment for aesthetic reasons.


birthmark pigmentation


Age spots, or liver spots, are tan, brown or black. They appear on skin areas that are the most exposed to the sun. These are most common in adults past 50, but you can get them at a younger age, depending on your exposure to the sun. Age spots, as long as they truly are age spots, are harmless. However, you can treat them with skin-bleaching creams or laser treatments.


age spots

Vitiligo is a skin disorder, in which the pigmentation lightens. This mostly occurs on the extremities and near body orifices. This is a medical condition, and the causes vary. You should consult your doctor for treatment options, which include steroids, exposure to ultraviolet light and creams.




Hyperpigmentation is the opposite condition of vitiligo, as it is the darkening of the skin and nails. Sun damage, skin conditions like acne, and inflammation are possible causes. This type of pigmentation is most common among those with Asian, Mediterranean and African skin tones. It is also an occasional side effect of laser procedures, so you should consider carefully before seeking laser treatments and consult a doctor about the risks. Use sunscreen to prevent hyperpigmentation. There are numerous treatments available as well (visit Shakura Malaysia).




In general, the various types of pigmentation are treatable. However, many of the most common types are completely harmless and only require treatment for aesthetic reasons. Be sure to consult a dermatologist before making any decisions.